When a vertebrae becomes misaligned or moves out of its normal position, this is referred to in the chiropractic profession as a subluxation. Subluxations can be caused by a wide range of issues such as a minor slip or bump, a car accident or any sudden trauma. When a vertebrae is subluxated, it begins to put pressure on nerves, blood vessels and everything around it. The subluxation interrupts the natural pathways that messages sent from the brain need to be received.
As time goes by and the subluxation remains untreated, the spine and surrounding structures such as discs can begin to degenerate. This degeneration becomes more difficult to reverse as time goes by and as the surrounding muscles, nerves and bones begin to adjust to the new shape. The body is an amazing machine. It will start to accommodate these changes by compensating in other areas. The longer this goes on, the more difficult it is to correct and the longer it takes to get back to near perfect position.